Similarities and Differences in teaching Online vs Traditional Classroom
I am a virtual K-20 educator. I teach 4th and 5th grades virtually, as well as higher education. I am developing a course called Foundations of Virtual Instruction for a virtual teaching certificate program, and have been compiling ideas from teachers on the differences between teaching in a classroom and teaching online.
Here are some of the roughly outlined ideas I have so far...
- online the instructor cannot use classroom presence, and skills to get points across
- cannot use oral skills to improvise on the spot with behavior problems, or difficult concepts
- instructor on a more equal footing with students online than in f2f
- classroom learning can be more passive than online
- procedures need to be more explicit online
- in an online discussion, everyone has to participate – rather than just a few brave volunteers
- written communication results in deeper thinking online
- Online: Anonymity, lack of bias, identity disembodied, personality disembodied, no appearance, no ethnicity
- an online educator must learn to teach effectively without visual cues and control with eye contact
- online there is more reliance on written communication than live, oral communication
- shift from being content provided to content facilitator
- be comfortable using technology tools, designing instruction with the tools, and helping students use the tools
- increased value on metacognition, or being responsible for knowing what you know
- increased need for learner autonomy, self-learning, discipline independence
- learning is individualized online which may cause instructor additional time and considerations. . While you may have the same lesson plans and assignments for all students, students may be working on things at different times. You’ll need to plan time wisely, save lectures and emails of instructions so you aren’t repeating yourself for every student you have.
Do you have any additional similarities and differences to add?